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托福考试:阅读模拟练习题及答案1

  Several men have been responsible for promoting forestry as a profession. Foremost was Gifford Pinchot, the father of the professional forestry in America. He was chief of the Forest Service from 1898 until 1910, working with President Theodore Roosevelt to instigate sound conservation practices in forests. Later he was professor of forestry and founder of the Pinchot School of Forestry at Yale University. Another great forester was Dr. Bernard E. Fernow, the first head of the U.S. Forest Service. He organized the first American school of professional forestry at Cornell University.

  The foresters of today, like Pinchot and Fernow in the past, plan and supervise the growth, protection, and utilization of trees. They make maps of forest areas, estimate the amount of standing timber and future growth, and manage timber sales. They also protect the trees from fire, harmful insects, and disease. Some foresters may be responsible for other duties, ranging from wildlife protection and watershed management to the development and supervision of camps, parks, and grazing lands. Others do research, provide information to forest owners and to the general public, and teach in colleges and universities.

  1.Why does the author compare Pinchot and Fernow to the foresters of today?

  A.To describe different philosophies of forestry management

  B.To show how the field of forestry has changed in 100 years

  C.To argue for the expansion of university forestry programs

  D.To introduce the type of work done by professional foresters

  2.All of the following are mentioned in the passage EXCEPT

  A.what foresters do besides protecting trees

  B.how to select a good school of forestry

  C.people who promoted forestry as a career

  D.management of timber and timber sales

  答案 :

  1.D 2.B