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2011年托福考试语法试题及答案详解

  1. While play is important at all levels of human development, _________ takes on particular significance when children are five and six years old.

  A. it

  B. and

  C. which

  D. because it

  答案:A

  分析:缺主语。it 在这里作为形式主语。

  参考译文:比赛对各个层次人的发展都是重要的,尤其是当小孩5、6岁大的时候,意义重大。

  2. During the second and third years of life, children gain _________ over their bodies.

  A. control increasing

  B. increasing to control

  C. control is increasing

  D. increasing control

  答案:D

  分析:缺宾语,而且应该是 adj.修饰名词,只能选D.

  参考译文:在生长的第二第三年,小孩们对自己的身体控制能力增强了。

  3. All brass instruments use a mouthpiece _________ into a long cone-shaped tube.

  A. is inserted

  B. that inserted

  C. that is inserted

  D. and inserted

  答案:C

  分析:that引导一个定语从句,mouthpiece为先行词。A 出现两个谓语动词,错;B,D应该用被动;

  参考译文:所有的铜管乐器都用一个放在长锥筒形管里的吹嘴。

  4. By the mid-twentieth century, United States presidential staffs, _________ had numbered fewer than ten a century earlier, numbered in the hundreds.

  A. as

  B. that they

  C. which

  D. and

  答案:C

  分析:非限制性定语从句,只有which能引导非限制性定语从句

  参考译文:到20时间中期,美国的总统部官员达到了几百个,而在一个世纪前,还屈指可数呢。

  5. In 1966 only 60 percent of all five year olds in the United States attended kindergarten, _________ in 1985 almost 82 percent did so.

  A. with

  B. which

  C. whether

  D. while

  答案:D

  分析:整个句子中出现了两个谓语,缺连接词。

  参考译文:在1966年,所有5岁的小孩中只有60%的参加了幼儿园,而到1985,几乎有82%的小孩上幼儿园了。